Fact Sheet:
Key findings on Adolescent Alcohol Use From the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse and the Parents' Resource Institute for Drug Education (PRIDE) Survey


National Household Survey on Drug Abuse
1

Key Points:

  • About 10.4 million persons 12 to 20 years of age reported drinking alcohol in the month prior to the survey. Of these, 6.8 million were binge drinkers and 2.1 million were heavy drinkers.*

  • Males 12 to 20 years of age were more likely than females to report binge drinking, 22.3% compared to 16.0%.


Past Month "Binge" Alcohol Use by State, Adolescents Age 12-17 - (1999)

State

Percentage

State

Percentage

Alabama

9.4

Missouri

10.3

Alaska

12.3

Montana

16.1

Arizona

12.6

Nebraska

12.1

Arkansas

12.3

Nevada

15.1

California

10.5

New Hampshire

11.9

Colorado

13.0

New Jersey

11.1

Connecticut

13.1

New Mexico

13.1

Delaware

12.5

New York

11.2

District of Columbia

7.7

North Carolina

9.1

Florida

8.4

North Dakota

17.2

Georgia

8.9

Ohio

10.4

Hawaii

12.1

Oklahoma

11.8

Idaho

9.9

Oregon

11.5

Illinois

11.9

Pennsylvania

10.9

Indiana

11.0

Rhode Island

12.4

Iowa

13.3

South Carolina

8.8

Kansas

10.4

South Dakota

16.5

Kentucky

10.3

Tennessee

8.3

Louisiana

12.1

Texas

11.3

Maine

11.5

Utah

7.6

Maryland

7.6

Vermont

11.2

Massachusetts

14.9

Virginia

8.2

Michigan

10.7

Washington

10.7

Minnesota

13.7

West Virginia

10.8

Mississippi

11.1

Wisconsin

14.7

   

Wyoming

16.5


PRIDE Survey 2

Key Points:

  • 74.4% of students who report carrying a gun to school use liquor.

  • 63.6% of students who report taking part in gang activities use liquor.

  • 59.4% of students who report thinking often or a lot about committing suicide use liquor.

  • 61.4% of students who report getting into trouble with the police use liquor.

  • Most students who report alcohol use first drank between the ages 12-13. 13.2% of students who report drinking beer, 14.0% of students who report drinking wine coolers and 11.5% of students who report drinking liquor, first drank between the ages of 12-13.

  • 36.1% of students report it is very easy to get beer, while 33.5% of students report it is very easy to get wine coolers and 30.1% of students report it is very easy to get liquor.


Trends in Annual Alcohol Consumption by Junior and Senior High Students

Alcohol Type

90-91

91-92

92-93

93-94

94-95

95-96

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-00

Beer

Jr. High

Sr. High

 

30.6

56.2

 

31.6

56.5

 

31.2

55.6

 

30.3

56.5

 

30.8

57.4

 

33.1

59.1

 

33.2

59.6

 

30.3

57.0

 

29.6

55.9

 

27.2

55.2

Wine Coolers

Jr. High

Sr. High

 

30.3

55.4

 

31.0

53.8

 

30.7

52.2

 

29.9

52.0

 

29.8

51.7

 

33.2

52.6

 

33.6

52.9

 

31.6

51.5

 

31.2

52.0

 

30.3

51.8

Liquor

Jr. High

Sr. High

 

19.6

48.7

 

21.4

50.0

 

21.5

49.5

 

21.4

51.3

 

21.3

51.5

 

22.9

53.4

 

23.7

54.9

 

21.0

52.1

 

21.1

52.9

 

18.8

52.5

Any Alcohol

Jr. High

Sr. High

 

48.0

72.3

 

41.4

67.2

 

41.4

66.1

 

39.6

66.4

 

39.8

66.8

 

44.5

70.6

 

44.7

71.0

 

41.8

68.8

 

41.4

68.1

 

39.5

68.1

Sources:

1. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2000). Summary of Findings from the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 00-3466. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

2.Parents’ Resource Institute for Drug Education. (2000). Pride Questionnaire Report. 1999-2000 National Summary: Grades 6 Through 12. Bowling Green, KY: Author.

* The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse defines current use as at least one drink in the past 30 days, binge use as five or more drinks on the same occasion at least once in the 30 days prior to the survey, and heavy use as five or more drinks on the same occasion at least five different days in the past 30 days.

October 11, 2000