1420 North St.
January 11, 2001
Honorable Donna E. Shalala
Dear Secretary Shalala:
There is emerging scientific consensus that potential impacts from maternal consumption of mercury-contaminated fish include developmental problems in children both prior to and after birth. In the last few remaining days of the Administration, we strongly urge you to expedite revision of FDA' s seafood consumption advisory to protect all Americansand to issue an advisory warning pregnant women, woman who may become pregnant, nursing mothers and young children not to eat swordfish, shark and large tuna and other types of commercial fish likely to have the highest levels of mercury contamination.
It has been several months since the release of the National Research Council's (NRC's) report, the Toxicologial Effects of Mercury, found that more than 60,000 children may suffer from exposure to methylmercury while in utero. At the request of Congress, the NRC study was commissioned by the Environmental Protection Agency as an independent study on the risks of methylmercury to humans. The NRC endorsed a regulatory standard that is four times more protective of public health than the current FDA action level, which is clearly not protective of the developing fetus. Moreover, the NRC report reveals fatal flaws in the methodology used by FDA to develop its action level and consumer advisory.
In response to the NRC report, FDA recently held several meetings to receive input regarding revisions to its consumer advisory and to address the very important issue of human exposure to potentially hazardous concentrations of methylmercury in commercial fish. Unfortunately, it appears that FDA's timeline to revise its consumer advisory has been significantly delayed by outside pressure from the commercial fishing industrywho has been lobbying the Administration perpetually for the last eight years to delay adopting new policies until additional findings (i.e. Seychelles data) could be reviewed.
After more than a decade of studies (and delays) on the human effects of methlymercury, the NRC report has decidedly determined that more needs to be done to protect our children, and the first step is to provide the public with the information necessary to make informed decisions about the consumption of mercury-contaminated seafood. Therefore, FDA should move forward expeditiously to protect all Americansparticularly sensitive populationsfrom the dangers of exposure to methlymercury, especially from fish known to have high mercury levels.
Thank you for your consideration of this important issue.
Michael T. Bender
Caroline Smith DeWaal